Types of the Somali Bananas are mainly Giant Cavendish and Grand Nain. These are the predominant cultivars in Somalia.
However, the configuration of the fruit resembles that of the Dwarf Cavendish
Hands are compact and fingers are robust and shorter. Plants are free from major banana diseases, like sikatoka. Somalia is fortunate and this saves millions of dollars in combating with diseases otherwise
For the trade of bananas, Somalia is fortunate! Its’ geographical and ecological location is perfect for economical positioning and to become an important food security player in the regions.
The sea, the soil, and the sun are all important sources to support this notion. Major climatic factors are a year-round hot climate and seasonal monsoon winds. The mean daily maximum temperatures range from 30o to 40o C (85o – 105o F) and the mean daily minimums are from 15o C to 30o C (60o – 85o F).
It is important to note that Somalia is located in an environment that is conducive to the production and exportation of commercial bananas with international standards to Middle East and Europe.
Soils are alluvial in nature and deposits from the Shabelle and Juba rivers formed the soils. These rivers also provide abundant water for surface irrigation. Water is also available from deep well.