Somalia is a member of African-Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) and used to be one of the top African banana exporting countries (Cameroon, Ivory Coast and Somalia). During 80s and 90s Somalia used to export large quantities of fresh green bananas on reefer vessels to Middle East, Italy, Germany and the Persian Gulf. It was recorded in 1972 a total export of 12 million cartons of 12.5 net weight to these destinations.
Major climatic factors are a year-round hot climate and seasonal monsoon winds. The mean daily maximum temperatures range from 30o to 40o C (85o – 105o F) and the mean daily minimums are from 15o C to 30o C (60o – 85o F). It is important to note that we what it takes to reclaim the reputation of the Somali bananas in the world. We have banana growers with vast farmlands and banana plantations to increase production, the environment conducive to the targeted production (soils, winds, water for irrigation) and the proximity to major and potential markets. In July, 2013, FruitSome has started shipping small quantities of fresh green bananas on reefer containers to Middle East markets and is aiming to gradually and parallel to increase quantity and improve quality at the same time.
Our bananas are mainly Giant Cavendish and Grand Nain. These are the predominant cultivars in Somalia. However, the configuration of the fruit resembles that of the Dwarf Cavendish. Hands are compact and fingers are robust and shorter. Plants are free from major banana diseases, like black sikatoka.